Umbria defined as the Green Heart of Italy is the homeland of Trasimeno’s Lake.
Among the main towns of artistic interest like for example Perugia, Assisi, Spello, there a lot of smallest villages surrounding the Lake.
About 30 Km from the camping far, Perugia is easily reached by train, car or bus. Historically, Perugia has seen many controlling powers. It is first heard of as a settlement of Umbrians, and then, under the Etruscans, rose to a position of eminence among the cities of the High Tiber Valley. Fought over by Mark Antony and Octavius Caesar, it was finally won by the latter and named Augusta. In the year 547, it fell to Totila, and then to the Byzantine Empire, before becoming a city state allied to the Papacy. It bowed to Papal supremacy in 1370 after the peace of Bologna. The following centuries saw turmoil and trouble in the walled stronghold, with the nobility waging internecine wars, and power passing from one hand to another. Finally, in 1540, it was placed under direct Papal rule. The Popes continued to hold authority in the town, apart from brief snatches when it was occupied by the French and the Roman Republic, till it merged with the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. City of chocolates, churches and music, Perugia is a splendid mix of the old and the new, the spiritual and the carnal, of tradition and modernity. It is situated on a hill, and is a charming walled city. The walls enclose history as well as some of the best art works of Italy. Narrow streets radiate from squares lined with exciting shops and eating places, and the view of the hillside falling away from the city walls is spectacular to say the least. To see: Piazza IV Novembre, Fontana Maggiore, Palazzo del Capitano, Cattedrale di S.Lorenzo, Palazzo dei Priori, Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria, Chiesa di San Francesco al Prato, L’Arco Etrusco, Palazzo Gallenga, Porta e Chiesa di san Pietro, Basilica di San Domenico, Rocca Paolina, Corso Vannucci, Ipogeo dei Volumni.
About 40 Km from the camping far, Assisi is easily reached by train or car. Surrounded by olive trees and cypresses it is situated on the Subasio Mountainside. The charming town of Assisi offers tourists a wealth of tranquillity and this is amongst the most attractive destinations that you are likely to encounter in Umbria. Assisi is the birthplace of St. Francis (San Francesco), patron saint of animals and ecology, and its undeniable charm and appeal attracts huge numbers of visitors and religious pilgrims, who arrive here each year – literally millions. To see: Basilica di San Francesco (painted by Giotto), diveded in Chiesa Superiore, Chiesa Inferiore e Cripta; Piazza del Comune, Duomo di San Rufino, Rocca, Chiesa di Santa Chiara; L’Eremo delle Carceri, Chiesa di Santa Maria degli Angeli, Chiesa di San Damiano (where San Francio composed Cantico delle Creature).
About 60 km from the camping away, Spello is a big medieval village built with evocative grey stones. Situated at the foot of Subasio Mount it is an interesting city to be visited.
To visit: Porta Venere, Santa Maria Maggiore, cappella Baglioni, Rocca.
About 80 km far from the campsite, Gubbio is a city rich in history and monuments. Its ancient grandeur is well evidenced by the remains of the Roman Theatre and the Eugubine tables of the 3rd-1st century BC. The urban structure with the impressive palaces and the picturesque streets dates back to the Middle Ages and has remained almost intact. Of particular interest are the walls with six doors, Piazza Grande, Piazza pensile, Palazzo dei Consoli which now houses the Museo Civico , Palazzo del Podestà, now the Town Hall, the Doge’s Palace and the Cathedral.
Among the events not to be missed is the Festa dei Ceri in Gubbio (in May), the Palio della Balestra (in May), the Gubbio Festival (in July) and the biggest Christmas tree in the world!
About 120 km far from the campsite, Spoleto lies in the southern part of the Umbrian Valley. The oldest parts of the city are the Arch of Drusus, the Roman Theatre and the Church of San Gregorio Maggiore with its presbytery. You can admire the Rocca Albornoziana, symbol of the city, the National Museum of the Duchy, the Tower Bridge and the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta in Romanesque style. The main event is the Festival dei Due Mondi (in the last days of June), which gives ample space to art and expression of two cultures, the European and the American: ballets, operas, exhibitions, conferences, concerts, theatre and much more.
CASCATE DELLE MARMORE
Easily reached by car, represents one of the most interesting natural reserve of Italy.
Artificially built by Consul Curio Dentato on 271 B.C. making pipe Velino waters to Nera waters with a hop of 160 mt.
About 150 km far from the campsite, Norcia is inserted inside the National Park of the Sibillini mountains bordering the Valnerina. The city was founded in the fifth century BC by the Sabines as Northia, the Roman goddess of luck. Conquered by the Romans, it underwent a period of decadence in the middle ages and then passed under the rule of the Papal States. The focus of history and architecture of the city is the central square where the main monuments are: the Basilica of San Benedetto, la Castellina, the Cathedral of Santa Maria Argentea, Palazzo Comunale, the Portico delle Misure. Typical products are the black truffles and pork cured meats, including the famous Prosciutto di Norcia. Don’t miss the picturesque flowering on the plateau of Castelluccio di Norcia in May.